The Filipino culture continues to place high value on female virginity. About 60% of Filipinos believe that being a virgin until marriage is important, while three out of 10 do not. The importance of virginity is widespread across demographic characteristics, including age, sex, marital status, and urban/rural location, which are proxy measures of socioeconomic status. However, no association was found between the valuation of virginity and any of these demographic characteristics, such as education level.
Filipino adolescents continue to practice traditional premarital sex values and behaviors. To understand their current behaviors and the changing cultural context of the Philippines, more updated assessments are needed. In a recent study, Filipino adolescents were asked about their experiences with premarital sex and their factors that lead to these behaviors. The findings revealed that premarital sex is prevalent and is related to socioeconomic status, and adolescent partners’ wealth. The study also uncovered the relationship between risk behavior and premarital sex.
The Catholic Church-run Radyo Veritas commissioned a survey on Feb. 14 to learn more about young Filipinos’ attitudes towards marriage and premarital sex. It found that 45 percent of female respondents believed that premarital sex should be allowed, while only 19 percent reported that it was inappropriate before marriage. The study also revealed that more than half of Filipino men and women reported having sexual relationships prior to their engagement.
Interestingly, premarital sex is not only important in the Philippines, but it’s also important for both sexes. Studies have shown that young men who initiate sex are more likely to be devout Christians, and those who abstain from it are younger than 18.
This paper argues that women’s virginity is important in the Philippines. In a cross-national study, Filipino men and women endorsed the importance of women’s virginity, although men expressed a higher degree of commitment to their virginity than did the women. In a national survey, 63% of young men and 56% of young women rated women’s virginity as very important. Overall, 89% of women and men regarded women’s virginity as important or very important.
In the Philippines, a woman’s virginity is viewed as important because of traditional family values and religious beliefs. However, premarital sex is still frowned upon and many Filipino women cite religious reasons for not engaging in sexual activity before marriage. To avoid stigmatizing a woman who has yet to marry, society has coined terms to describe her state of virginity. These include “slut,” “loose woman,” and “easy lay” – as well as a word called pokpok in other languages. Another Filipino term for virginity is laspag, which refers to a woman’s loss of freshness after several sexual encounters.
Although women rarely invoke religious or community norms to justify the value of their virginity, the values associated with it are nevertheless universal. They reflect ideals of romantic love and sexual jealousy, and they seem deeply rooted in human nature. According to psychology, cultural differences are often studied to understand how individuals’ thoughts and behaviors relate to their social behavior. For instance, Joan Kahn and Kathryn London studied U.S. women who married in the early 1980s, and found a strong correlation between men’s sexuality and the virginity status of their partners.
Pregnancy outside of unions
The Philippines is one of the most sexually active countries in the world, but despite this, there are still high rates of pre-marital pregnancy outside of unions. According to the National Demographic and Health Survey, 92 percent of teenagers never married, although this proportion has decreased since then. The most recent NDHS report showed that 89 percent of teenagers were not married in 2008. Despite this, the rate of early childbearing should continue to decrease, which suggests that premarital sexual activity may be a driving force behind the trend.
The National Statistics Office’s 2008 report on Philippine fertility found that pre-marital sexual activity is the most common cause of pregnancy outside of unions. In 2008, the number of babies born to women under the age of 20 was overwhelmingly illegitimate. This trend is expected to continue despite the lack of government intervention and increased awareness of this issue. However, there are a number of factors to consider.
Sociodemographic and attitudinal factors play a major role in the development of adolescents’ sexual behavior. In 2003, 86% of Filipino adolescents were functionally literate and in school. Adolescents from low-income families are more likely to be working. Recent analyses in Cebu have indicated mixed effects of education on sexual debut. For these reasons, it is important to consider the role of education in determining adolescents’ sexual behaviors.
The study found that the majority of urban university students were sexually abstinent. More than 90% were aware of contraception and the risk of pregnancy. But only 20% of students had adequate knowledge of condoms. Seventy-nine percent of adolescents had an unfavorable attitude towards sex. Sexual intercourse was more likely to occur among males than females. And abstinence was associated with more religious affiliation.
In many parts of Asia, virginity continues to be highly gendered. It is perceived as a gift, a social stigma, a process, or an act. This paper explores socially constructed meanings ascribed to women’s virginity in the Philippines. In addition, findings from qualitative data demonstrate the strong social importance ascribed to virginity in the Philippines. However, some societal and cultural factors may be responsible for this stance.
Peers’ engagement in sexual behaviors
The prevalence of HIV in the Philippines is rising, particularly among those who engage in intercourse with other men, and societal knowledge regarding sexuality in the Philippines is sparse. This study focuses on the relationship between peer engagement in sexual behaviors and substance use and psychological distress in young adults in the Philippines, using gender-stratified multivariate models to identify if peer engagement is related to sexuality. Participants included 1,912 young Filipino adults, aged 20 to 22 years, who reported engaging in same-sex relationships.
In a recent study of Filipino adolescents, the number of reported same-sex relationships was highest in the younger adolescent cohort. Males were more likely to engage in same-sex relationships than females, and younger adolescents reported more same-sex relationships. But as in any study, gender differences may also contribute to the differences between boys and girls. Nevertheless, the results are consistent with previous studies.
In this study, researchers focused on two aspects of sexual self-efficacy – the ability to reject unintended sexual activity and the capacity to engage in cautious sexual behavior. Results show that peer engagement in sexual activities is related to the likelihood of future risky behavior. Despite this, the study did not identify a causal relationship between peer engagement and risky sexual behaviors. Instead, the findings suggest that peer involvement in sexual behavior is a contributing factor in adolescent risky behaviors.
Predictors of sexual behaviors
This study examines the influences of gender and context on sexual initiation in the Philippines. It shows that boys are more likely than girls to engage in sexual activities, and males are more likely than females to engage in premarital sex. However, the effects of these factors differ across time. There are still many questions to be answered in this context. The findings of this study are a preliminary step towards establishing guidelines for assessing risky sexual behavior.
The study identifies factors that predict gender, sexual preference, and total family income as factors that influence sexual behavior in Filipino adolescents. While it is important to remember that a single factor may not predict sexual behavior, several factors seem to be related to it. In this case, living away from home may be the most significant factor. Young adults in the Philippines are more likely to engage in risky behavior when they live away from home.
Although the incidence of HIV in the Philippines is still relatively low, it is increasing. According to the January 2013 statistics, there were 380 new HIV Ab seropositive cases, compared to 212 in the same period last year. In particular, the prevalence of HIV among 20 to 29-year-olds increased to 61%, from 59% the year before. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV, STIs, and other risky sexual behaviors.
Predictors of partnership patterns
There is a growing concern about increasing the number of adolescent partners in the Philippines, and one study aims to answer this question by assessing the timing and predictors of these relationships. Using both quantitative and qualitative data, this study aimed to understand the factors that influence adolescent partnership behavior. While most adolescents engaged in premarital sex, this varied by gender. Women and men with higher socioeconomic status were more likely to engage in premarital sex, as was the case for adolescent partners. Additionally, risk behaviors were found to predict the timing of premarital sex.
Although there are numerous factors that may influence adolescent partners, urbanization and industrialization have been highlighted as two major influences on Filipino adolescents’ sexual and partnership behavior. Both of these forces affect the family structure and the individual roles within it. Medina (2001) argued that these forces may have mixed influences on adolescents’ behavior, with a shift to more permissive norms promoting sex discussions, and rapid social changes potentially leading to individualized or deviant behaviors.
For males and females, having sex before a partnership was associated with a risky behavior. Females and adolescents who had not engaged in sexual activity before 21 reported a high likelihood of having sex before a partner was found. While only a small percentage of males reported a partnership before having sexual intercourse, this number was less than 1%. Therefore, this study revealed that there are multiple factors that contribute to these patterns.